Jun 13, 2013 2:28 PM by Victor L. Villa
WILMINGTON, Del. - ICE Director John Morton, along with Charles M. Oberly III, U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Delaware, and Henry Mayer, a representative of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, announced the recovery of a long-lost piece of history Thursday June 13, 2013, the "Rosenberg Diary".
This recovery is the result of the collaboration of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI).
Written by Alfred Rosenberg, one of the Third Reich's and the Nazi Party's most notorious members, the Rosenberg Diary consists of the personal accounts of Rosenberg.
The diary could potentially hold a wealth of knowledge for scholars regarding Rosenberg's assistance/ planning of the mass murder of the Jewish people, the Nazi radical state, the planning and conduct of World War 2 and the Germany's occupation of Soviet territory.
Alfred Rosenberg was the head of the Nazi Foreign affairs department and as the Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories. As the Reich Minister of the Occupied Eastern Territories, Rosenberg was responsible for the mass murder of the Jewish populace of that area, an area that consisted of the Baltic States, Ukraine and portions of Belorusia. He also created a special taskforce, known as the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg or Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce, whose purpose was to loot cultural property from all over Europe. Rosenberg was found guilty in the Nuremberg Trials of conspiring to commit aggressive warfare, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was hung later that year on October 16, 1946.
"Thanks to the tireless investigative work of HSI special agents, and years of perseverance by both the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Delaware and the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the long-lost Rosenberg Diary has been recovered, not in Germany but in the United States," said Director Morton in the announcement. "This important record of the crimes of the Third Reich and the Holocaust is now preserved for all to see, study and learn from."
After Germany's surrender in May of 1945, all documents created by the government of Nazi Germany were handed over to the Allied Forces. The Rosenberg Diary was among these documents, which were being used to prepare for war crime trials. At the end of WWII a man by the name of Dr. Robert M.W. Kempner, a Jewish lawyer from Germany, was the chief prosecutor and deputy chief counsel in the "Ministries Case" at the Nuremberg Trials.
Due to his service in these roles, Dr. Kempner had access to the documents seized from the German government. After the trials were over, Dr. Kempner removed an assorted selection of documents from the U.S. government archives for personal writing, study and lecturing.
Among the books the doc took was the Rosenberg Diary, which, like the rest of the documents he removed, remained in his possession until his death in 1993.
It was not until an art security specialist, who was working with the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, informed HIS special agents and the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Delaware of the Rosenberg Diary in November of 2012. This led to the location of the diary and, with a warrant from the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Delaware, the Rosenberg Diary was seized.
Later investigation of the diary revealed it to be the genuine document.